Shabti Figures

Shabti Figures by Jenny & Stephany

Description/Belief:

Shabti figures were used burial servants buried with their masters in order to work in their master’s place in the afterlife. Some burials contained several hundred shabti figures, often equipped with tools for working in the fields. Typically overseer shabtis were included to keep the magical work force in check.

Time Period:

In general, the time period for the shabtis were from the Middle kingdom, 4000 to 3500 years ago, until the Ptolemaic, 2300 years ago.

Images & Years:

Blue Green shabti figure was made in the late period 747-332 BC.

1650 BC from Thebes

From Senna 1479-1400 BC

A Spell from the Book of the Dead:

Spell 6 of ‘The Book Of The Dead’ instructs the Shabti as follows…

O Shabti,If ‘the deceased’ be summoned 
To do any work which has to be done in the realm if the dead 
To make arable the fields, 
to irrigate the land 
or to convey sand from East to West; 
“Here I Am”, you shall say,”I Shall Do It”.

Note:

In the Book of the Dead activity we did early today (6/23), Osiris was represented by a bowling pin. The reason is because Osiris wore a headdress called the Atef crown. The crown was a combination of the Hedjet (Crown of Upper Egypt) and two red Ostrich feathers. The Atef crown was a symbol of the ruler of the Underworld. The Ostrich feathers represented truth, morality, balance, and justice.